Philadelphia-born artist Man Ray introduced the principles of Dadaism and Surrealism to photography. While working as a fashion and portrait photographer in Paris, he became closely associated with leaders of the European avant-garde, including Marcel Duchamp, André Breton, and Yves Tanguy. In the 1920s, Man Ray began experimenting with ideas of distorted reality and chance through non-camera photography and darkroom manipulation. Utilizing found objects and the human body, his Rayographs (photograms) were proclaimed by Tristan Tzara as “pure Dada creations.” The solarization (or Sabattier) effect—which results in a tonal reversal from turning on a light during the development of film or prints—was discovered accidentally by his lover and studio assistant, Lee Miller, who may have served as the model for this image.
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art’s collection includes a solarized photograph by Miller (Eskenazi Museum of Art 2011.12).
Solarized gelatin silver print
Image: 13 11/16 x 10 3/4 in. (34.7 x 27.3 cm); sheet: 14 x 10 15/16 in.
(h. 35.5 x w. 27.7 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 77.17.1
Large image not available.