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The Bath Apartment in the Villa Albani

The tradition of architectural renderings of famous sights was well established by midcentury. During his stay in Rome in the early 1760s, Robert drew architectural views of the Villa Albani, one of Cardinal Alessandro Albani’s homes and a meeting place for artists living in the city. Here he illustrates the appartement des bains, a room which was likely named for the ancient bath centered on the wall, which displayed the cardinal’s collection of classical and Egyptian antiquities. The fascination with ancient objects arose early in the century, and as the Age of Enlightenment evolved, antiquity remained an integral focus of the arts.

Painter, etcher, and draftsman, Robert specialized in idyllic classical landscapes typically populated with ruins, and in capricci. At times he also produced architectural portraits, such as this drawing of the Villa Albani.

Hubert Robert
French, 1733–1808
The Bath Apartment in the Villa Albani
Red chalk on paper
Image: 7 x 9 15/16 in. (17.8 x 25.2 cm); sheet: 10 x 13 in. (25.4 x 33.0 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Gift of William Mithoefer, 92.426