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Jar with Ornamental Patterns

The red-on-cream designs on this jar identifies it as a vessel made in Hacilar, a village in ancient Anatolia (modern Turkey). It is a very early example of clay vessels that are fired in a kiln and it was produced in the Chalcolithic period (or "copper stone age," a transitional period between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age). The village itself consisted of a group of houses, communal courtyards, and a fortification wall with towers. Interestingly, a pottery workshop was found in the center of the village. The kilns, however, must have been placed outside of the wall.

Anatolian, probably from Hacilar (near modern city of Burdur, Turkey)
Jar with Ornamental Patterns
Chalcolithic period, ca. 5300–5000 BC
Terracotta, added color
H. 5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 65.29.14