IU

Indiana University Bloomington IU Bloomington IUB

Wagon with Oxen

This bronze cart pulled by oxen calls attention to the value placed on agriculture and the domestication of animals in this early period. These developments allowed for the shift from a nomadic lifestyle toward larger settlements with more complex social organization, which in turn led to the establishment of cities and city-states. This model was probably placed in the grave of a landowner as an indication of his wealth and social standing in the community. It likely comes from the region of Anatolia (modern Turkey).

Anatolian
Wagon with Oxen
ca. 2000–1500 BC
Bronze
H. 6 5/16 in. (16.0 cm), L. 19 5/16 in. (49.0 cm), W. 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 75.107