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Late Antique and Byzantine

The vast Roman Empire was divided for administrative purposes in the third century. Although it declined in the west, eventually falling to nomadic peoples from Europe, the empire survived in the east and became known as the Byzantine Empire. The late antique and Byzantine eras were marked by periodic revivals of the classical aesthetic of ancient Greece. However, these impulses were combined with a tendency for stylization and a love of ornament that was less focused on naturalism. The development of this new approach is captured by objects at the museum, including textiles, jewelry, and paintings.

Coptic (Egypt)
Textile Fragments with Nile River Scenes
4th–6th century AD
Wool, linen, dye
Clavi: L. 18 1/8 in. (46.0 cm), W. (top band) 18 1/2 in. (47.0 cm)
Segmentum:L. 10 1/4 in. (26.0 cm), W. 8 11/16 in. (22.0 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, William Lowe Bryan Memorial, 60.92 A-B

Visigothic (western Europe)
Eagle Brooch
Migration period, 6th–7th century AD
Bronze
H. 3 5/16 in. (8.41 cm.), W. 1 3/4 in. (4.44 cm.)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Given in memory of Burton Y. Berry, 87.5

Coptic (Egypt)
Textile Fragment with Bird and Flowers
1st–4th century AD
Linen, wool
28 3/8 x 26 in. (72.0 x 66.0 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 86.6

Coptic (Egypt)
Textile Fragment with Young Christ
5th century AD
Linen, indigo dye
17 3/4 x 26 3/8 in. (45.5 x 67.0 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 72.126.1

Byzantine
Necklace with Beads and Pendants and Pair of Crescent Earrings
5th–6th century AD
Gold, amethysts, sapphires, emeralds, and pearls
Necklace: L. 15 11/16 in. (39.9 cm)
Earrings: H. 1 1/8 (2.8 cm) each
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 70.56.12 A, B1-2

Byzantine
Lamp in the Shape of a Peacock
4th–7th century AD
Bronze
H. 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm), W. 2 1/16 in. (5.2 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 64.48.1

Byzantine
Belt Buckle with Angel
5th–6th century AD
Gold, bronze
L. 2 11/16 in. (6.8 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 76.80.8

Byzantine
Reliquary Cross with Mary and Saints
6th–7th century AD
Silver
L. 5 in. (12.6 cm), W. 2 5/16 in. (5.8 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 62.117.141

Byzantine
Pendant Depicting the Anastasis (Descent of Christ to Hell after the Resurrection)
6th–7th century AD
Quartz crystal, gold
L. 1 11/16 in. (4.3 cm), W. 1 3/8 in. (3.6 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 76.62.34

Coptic (Egypt)
Censer with Scenes from the Life of Christ
5th–6th century AD
Bronze
H. (censer) 5 5/16 in. (13.49 cm), diam. 5 7/64 in. (12.98 cm), L. (chains) 16 5/32 in. (41.04 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 79.31

Byzantine
Icon of a Saint
10th–14th century AD
Steatite
H. 2 1/2 in. (6.4 cm), W. 2 3/16 in. (5.6 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 76.87.25

Coptic (Egypt)
Textile Fragment with Young Christ
5th century AD
Linen, indigo dye
17 3/4 x 26 3/8 in. (45.5 x 67.0 cm)
Eskenazi Museum of Art, 72.126.3