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Aegean and Cypriot

Even in the Bronze Age (ca. 3500 to 1200 BC), extensive trade was actively pursued. Island or coastal locations in the Mediterranean Sea developed as trading posts and as rest stops for travelers. In the Aegean Sea (part of the eastern Mediterranean), three cultures flourished due to these circumstances. The people of the Cycladic Islands, the Minoans on Crete, and the Mycenaeans on the Greek mainland developed productive cultures and distinctive art forms. Artists utilized both naturalistic patterns—notably sea motifs—and geometric forms on sculpted figures and on pottery. Cyprus was a larger island closer to the eastern coast of the Mediterranean. It, too, was a kind of crossroads and incorporated the influences of many cultures into its own artistic identity.

Cycladic (Greece)
Attributed to the Goulandris Master
Woman
2700–2400 BC
Marble
H. 23 5/8 in. (60.0 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Gift of Thomas T. Solley, 76.25

Mycenaean, made in Boeotia (Greece)
Fragment of a Chest (Larnax)
1300–1200 BC
Terracotta and paint
H. 12 5/8 in. (32.07 cm.)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Acquired in honor of Herman B Wells for the 50th anniversary of the Eskenazi Museum of Art, 90.69

Cycladic culture (Greece)
Bowl
ca. 2700–2400 BC
Marble, paint
Diam. 13 1/8 in. (33.4 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 77.4

Minoan (Crete)
Bridge-Spouted Ewer
1500–1450 BC
Terracotta
H. 5 13/16 in. (14.8 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 80.92.1

Minoan (Crete)
Stirrup Jar with Nautilus
1300–1200 BC
Terracotta
H. 5 13/16 in. (14.8 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 87.4

Mycenaean (Greece)
Goblet with Cuttlefish
1375–1300 BC
Terracotta
H. 7 7/16 in. (18.9 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 75.50

Cypriote
Spouted Pitcher (Askos) in the Form of a Duck
8th century BC
Terracotta, added color
L. 8 in. (20.3 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Henry Radford Hope, 59.67

Cypriote
Striding Young Man (Kouros)
ca. 500–450 BC
Limestone, paint
H. 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm), W. 1 5/8 in. (4.1 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, V. G. Simkhovitch Collection, 63.105.113