IU

Indiana University Bloomington IU Bloomington IUB

Near Eastern

The "Near East" is a geographical designation that includes regions in Asia that are closer to Europe as opposed to lands such as China and Japan in the "Far East." Many different ethnic groups flourished in this vast area—from the Lurs in Iran’s Zagros Mountains to the Hittites in ancient Anatolia (modern-day Turkey). Cultures in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) developed some of the world's oldest cities and earliest writing systems; they also promoted the development of artistic techniques and supported highly skilled artists. Near Eastern works as represented in the museum's collection reflect the individuality of distinct cultures but also a sharing of artistic ideas through trade. In general, Near Eastern art strives for a stylized and idealized manner in which to structure naturalistic observations.

Hattian or Early Hittite (Anatolia)
Bull Statuette or Finial
ca. 2500–2000 BC
Solid-cast gold
H. 1 in. (2.4 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Gift of Dr. Leo Mildenberg in honor of Burton Y. Berry, 2001.12

Anatolian
Wagon with Oxen
ca. 2000–1500 BC
Bronze
H. 6 5/16 in. (16.0 cm), L. 19 5/16 in. (49.0 cm), W. 4 3/4 in. (12.1 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 75.107

Anatolian, probably from Hacilar (near modern city of Burdur, Turkey)
Jar with Ornamental Patterns
Chalcolithic period, ca. 5300–5000 BC
Terracotta, added color
H. 5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 65.29.14

Anatolian
Chalcholithic Jewelry Group
Chalcholithic period, ca. 3400–2700 BC
Gold, carnelian, shells
Pectoral: L. 5 5/8 in. (14.3 cm), W. at center 1 3/16 in. (3.0 cm)
Circular pendants: H. max./min. 1 1/4–9/16 in. (3.1–1.5 cm), W. max./min. 2 5/8–1 1/2 in (2.7–1.2 cm); cylindrical bead necklaces: L. 39 15/16 in.(101.5 cm); 27 1/2 in. (69.9 cm); 32 5/8 in. (82.9 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 70.105.20 a-h, k, l

Sumerian (Mesopotamia)
Necklace with Melon-Shaped Beads and Five Spiral Ring Attachments
ca. 2600–2400 BC
Gold, lapis lazuli, and hematite
Necklace: L. 15 3/4 in. (40.0 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 69.76.1 A, B1-2, C1-3

Syrian
Standing Man and Woman
ca. 2000–1500 BC
Terracotta
H. 8 3/4 in. (22.2 cm); H. 11 1/4 in. (28.6 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. S. Marcus, 66.114, 66.115

Phrygian (Anatolia)
Man Playing the Pipes
8th–7th century BC
Bronze, cast solid
H. 4 in. (10.2 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Burton Y. Berry Collection, 76.34.53

Lur (Luristan)
Ceremonial Staff Finial with Ibexes
ca. 1400–600 BC
Bronze
H. 6 1/2 in. (16.5 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 64.109.23B

Assyrian(Mesopotamia)
Fragment of a Processional Relief
ca. 800–500 BC
Alabaster
H. 5 9/16 in. (14.1 cm), W. 3 1/8 in. (7.9 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Gift of Mrs. Frank Edmondson, 70.52