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Eighteenth Century

Though comparatively small, the museum’s collection of predominantly French and Italian eighteenth-century paintings and sculptures traces major political and artistic trends in that century. In Italy, the Baroque style persisted in large-scale works celebrating absolute monarchy and the Catholic Church. In France, a center of the Enlightenment, a greater interest in exploring human social relations underpinned the emergence of the Rococo style in the early eighteenth century. A more austere Neoclassical style became predominant later in the century, becoming associated in particular with the ideals of the French Revolution. And underlying all of the eighteenth-century’s styles was an intense interest in the classical world, which was nurtured through the excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum in southern Italy, the popularity of the Grand Tour (with Rome as its highlight), and the emergence of archaeology and art history as scholarly pursuits.

Philippe Mercier
Franco-German (active in England), 1689/91‒1760
Fête Galante
Early 18th century
Oil on canvas
25 ¾ x 28 ¾ in. (65.4 x 73.0 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 60.25

Giovanni Paolo Panini
Italian, 1691–1765
Landscape with Ruins
ca. 1715/18
Oil on canvas
29 x 39 3/8 in. (73.7 x 100 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Given in memory of Marguerite Lilly Noyes by Thomas T. Solley, 74.19.2

Giovanni Battista Piazzetta
Italian, 1682‒1754
Shepherd Boy with Hat and Staff
ca. 1720–40
Oil on canvas
18 x 15 in. (45.7 x 38.1 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 82.31

Francesco Solimena
Italian, 1657–1747
Allegory of the Four Parts of the World
1738
Oil on canvas
50 x 72 ½ (127.0 x 184.2 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Henry R. Hope, 74.83

Attributed to Francesco de Mura
Italian, 1696‒1782)
The Triumph of David
ca. mid-18th century
Oil on canvas
40 ¼ x 49 ¾ in. (102.2 x 126.4 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Richard Rauch, 85.65

Attributed to Gabriele Ricciardelli
Italian, active from ca. 1741‒died 1777
View of the Bay of Naples
1743
Oil on canvas
26 x 72 5/8 in. (66.0 x 184.5 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Morton and Marie Bradley Memorial Collection, 74.80

Attributed to Joseph Chinard
French, 1756‒1813
or Barthélemy Corneille
French, ca. 1760‒1805
Portrait Bust of Dominique-Vivant Denon
1792–93
Terracotta
28 x 17 ½ x 9 1/2 in. (71.1 x 44.5 x 24.1 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 61.35

Jean Louis Laneuville
French, 1748–1826
Portrait of Jean de Bry
ca. 1793
Oil on canvas
25 ¾ x 21 5/16 in. (65.4 x 54.1 cm)
Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, 77.54.1