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Forest Stream

Artist August Macke (German, 1887–1914)
Title Forest Stream (Waldbach)
Date 1910
Medium Oil on canvas
Dimensions Framed: 34 1/2 x 34 1/2 x 4 in. (87.6 x 87.6 x 10.2 cm)
Overall: 24 1/4 x 24 1/8 in. (61.6 x 61.3 cm)
Credit Line Partial Gift of the Robert Gore Rifkind Collection, Eskenazi Museum of Art, Indiana University
Accession Number 78.67

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About this Work

Macke painted this image of a forest stream near the Bavarian lake, Tegernsee, where he lived during 1910. Working intensively for a year in this rural environment, Macke developed a style reflecting his dual interests in French Fauvism and the natural world. From 1910, Macke was involved with the newly formed German Expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider), based in Munich and led by Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc. Forest Stream was included in a 1913–14 international touring exhibition of the Blaue Reiter, organized by the Berlin art dealer Herwarth Walden. Tragically, Macke’s burgeoning artistic career was cut short by his death in World War I.

1978, Partial gift to the Indiana University Art Museum from the Robert Gore Rifkind Collection, Los Angeles, CA

by 1974–1978, Collection of Robert Gore Rifkind (1928–2019), Los Angeles, CA [1]

June 5–June 7, 1975, Sale, “Moderne Kunst,” Hauswedell & Nolte, Hamburg, Germany (lot no. 1164, not sold) [2]

June 8–June 10, 1972, Sale, “Moderne Kunst,” Hauswedell & Nolte, Hamburg, Germany (lot no. 1424) [3]

ca. 1958, Sold at Siegfried Adler Gallery, Lugano, Switzerland [4]

ca. 1953–1957, Private Collection, Germany (?) [5]


[1] Rifkind acquired the Macke painting by 1974, when it was exhibited at the Norton Simon Museum (“German Expressionist Paintings and Sculptures from California Collections,” exhibition brochure published by Norton Simon Museum).

[2] The painting’s presence in this sale indicates that Rifkind must have consigned the painting with Hauswedell & Nolte in an (unsuccessful) attempt to sell it prior to its acquisition by Indiana University Art Museum.

[3] Whether Rifkind purchased the painting at this sale remains uncertain. In a phone call with the museum’s curator on 23 June 2009, Hauswedell & Nolte stated that they could not release the identity of the painting’s buyer or seller.

[4] In a letter to Indiana University Art Museum director Thomas T. Solley, dated 11 October 1978, Siegfried Adler confirmed that the painting was sold by him. The buyer is not known.

[5] As listed in the catalogue raisonné by Gustav Vriesen, August Macke, cat. no. 181 (Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 1957).

Provenance research is ongoing for this and many other items in the Eskenazi Museum of Art permanent collection. For more information about the provenance of this artwork, please contact the department curator with specific questions.

October 14, 2018–June 17, 2019, "Franz Marc / August Macke, 1909–1914," October 14, 2018–January 21, 2019, Neue Galerie, New York; Musée de l'Orangerie, Paris, France March 6–June 17, 2019

October 6–December 23, 2012, "Pioneers and Exiles: German Expressionism at the Indiana University Art Museum," Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington, IN (cat. no. 15)

November 18, 2001–June 2, 2002, "August Macke: Und die Frühe Moderne in Europa," Westfalisches Landesmuseum für, Munster, Germany, November 18, 2001–February 17, 2002; Kunstmuseum, Bonn, Germany, March 14–June 2, 2002 (cat. no. 69)

December 1, 1986–July 26, 1987, "August Macke: Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen," Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte Münster; Städtisches Kunstmuseum Bonn; Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich, Germany (cat. no. 46)

September 17–November 1, 1981, "Pioneers: Early 20th Century Art from Midwestern Museums," Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, MI (cat. no. 19)

November 12–December 31, 1980, "20th Century Paintings, Sculpture, and Drawings from the Collection of the Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington," Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL
October 23–December 3, 1977, "German and Austrian Expressionism: 1900–1920," Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington, IN (cat. no. 61)

April 16–June 2, 1974, "German Expressionist Paintings and Sculptures from California Collections," Pasadena Museum of Modern Art, Pasadena, CA (as "Waldbach")

February 8–March 30, 1969, "August Macke: Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen," Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (cat. no. 31)

October 28–December 9, 1962, "Deutsche Kunst des 20. Jahrhunderts," Augustiner Museum, Freiburg, Germany (cat. no. 70)

July 6–September 16, 1962, "August Macke," Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich, Germany (cat. no. 62)

January 27–March 10, 1957, "August Macke: Gedenkausstellung zum 70 Geburtstag," Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte, Münster, Germany (cat. no. 19)

May–July 1949, Kunstmuseum, Duisburg, Germany, May 1949; Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund, Germany, June 25–July 24 (cat. no. 11)

1948, "August Macke: Gedächtnisausstellung," Suermondt-Museum, Aachen, Germany (cat. no. 16)

1925, "August Macke," Gesellschaft der Freunde junger Kunst, Braunschweig, Germany (cat. no. 3)

1924, "August Macke," Kaiser-Wilhelm-Museum, Krefeld, Germany

1924 or 1925, exhibited at Westfälischer Kunstverein, Münster and in Magdeburg, Germany

1921, exhibited in Halle, Germany

July–October 1920, "Gedächtnis-Ausstellung August Macke," Neues Museum Wiesbaden, Nassauischer Kunstverein/Wiesbaden 1920 Gesellschaft für bildende Kunst, Wiesbaden, Germany (as "Wasserfall im Wald")

May 19–June 13, 1920, "Gedächtnis-Ausstellung August Macke," Frankfurter Kunstverein, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (as "Wasserfall im Wald")

1918, "Das junge Rheinland," Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, Germany

1918, "August Macke," Gesellschaft für Literature und Kunst (Dramatischer Verein), Städtisches Museum Villa Obernier, Bonn, Germany

April 10–May 18, 1918, "August Macke, Heinrich Nauen: Gemälde, Graphik," Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover, Germany (XVI. Sonderausstellung)

1913–1914, "Der Blaue Reiter Auslandausstellung," Galerie Der Sturm, Berlin; Budapest, May 1913; Oslo, January 1914; Helsinki, February 12, 1914–May 9, 1914; Trondheim, Norway, April 1914; Göteborg, Sweden, June–July 1914

1913, "August Macke," Galerie Goldschmidt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

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"Forest Stream | Collections Online." Collections Online. Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Museum of Art, Indiana University, 2024.